Victorian Literature 1830-1900: Poetry, Non-Fiction Prose, Drama, Intellectual History.

I. Bibliography

Altholtz, Josef. Victorian England, 1837-1901. (1970). Arranged under topics--education, science, politics.

Brown, Lucy, and Christie, Ian. Bibliography of British History, 1789-1851. Ref. Z. 2019 B76. Cultural history selection--includes drama, philosophy, fine and applied art, science, etc.

De Laura, David, ed. Victorian Prose: A Guide to Research. (1973). General materials; Macaulay; the Carlyles; Newman; Mill; Ruskin; Arnold; Pater; the Oxford Movement; the Victorian Churches; the Critics (Lewis, Bagehot, Hutton, Dallas, Lee, Swinburne, et alia); the Unbelievers (Harrison, Huxley, Morley, Stephen).

Faverty, Frederick, ed. The Victorian Poets: A Guide to Research. (1968), 2nd ed. (The first edition is still useful reading). General materials: Tennyson; Browning; E.B.B.; Fitzgerald; Clough; Arnold; Swinburne; the Pre-Raphaelites; Hopkins; the later Victorian Poets.

Fredeman, William. Pre-Raphaelitism: A Bibliocritical Study. (1965). A model bibliography.

Hanhon, H.J. Bibliography of British History, 1815-1914 (1976). Ref Z2019 .H35. Divided topically--section on "Intellectual and Cultural History" includes medicine, the fine arts, and so forth.

Houghton, Walter. The Wellesley Index to Victorian Periodicals, 1824-1900. (1966, 1972). Identifies authors for 20 Victorian journals and magazines.

Kanner, Barbara. "Women in a Century of Social Change: 1815-1914", 2 pts., in Martha Vicinus, ed., Suffer and Be Still (1972) and The Widening Sphere (1977).

Kanner, Barbara. Women in English Social History, 1800-1914. 3 vols. Garland, 1987.

The Nineteenth Century: Special Collection, Women Writers. Cambridge: Chadwyck-Healey, British Library, Arero Publishers, 1896. Microfische no. 1092.

Palmegiano, E.M. Women and British Periodicals, 1832-1867: A Bibliography. New York: Garland, 1976.

Tobias, Richard C., Bibliographies of Studies in Victorian Literature: For the Ten Years 1975-1984. New York: AMS Press, 1991. AMS Series: Studies in the Nineteenth Century Series, no. 11.


Watson, George, ed., The New Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature, vol 3, 1800-1900 (1969).

MHRA Annual Bibliography of English Language and Literature; The Year's Work in English Studies (English Association, London), a critical review; PMLA International Bibliography, annually.

Annual Bibliography of Victorian Studies. Edmonton: LITIR Database, c. 1980-present. Z2019.A64.

Other annual bibliographies which emphasize Victorian material: VP, VN, Studies in Browning and His Circle, Victorian Studies (3 cumulative volumes, 1932-64), annually; William Morris Society Journal.

Other U.S Victorian journals: Victorian Studies Bulletin, RSVP Newsletter, Victorians Institute Journal, Tennyson Research Bulletin, Nineteenth-Century Fiction, Hopkins Society Bulletin, William Morris Society Journal, Dickensian, Dickens Studies Annual, Bronte Society Transactions, Journal of Pre-Raphaelite Studies, English Literature in Transition, Prose Studies, Victoria Review, Victorian Literature and Culture.

II. Anthologies

Good for browsing in little known works, quick background information (e.g. Who wrote "Onward Christian Soldiers"? Sabine Baring-Gould, 1865).

Poetry and Prose:

Gray, Donald, and Tennyson, G.B. Victorian Literature: Poetry and Prose. 2. vols., a thousand pages each. (1976). Poetry volume has a good short bibliography on Victorian history and literary criticism.

Oxford Anthology of English Literature, vol. II. (1973) Excellent notes.

McCordick, David, ed. Scottish Literature: An Anthology, 2. NY: Lang, 1996.

Ricks, Christopher, ed., The New Oxford Book of Victorian Verse. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Fletcher, Ian. British Poetry and Prose, 1870-1905. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Maidment, Brian. The Poorhouse Fugitives: Self-Taught Poets and Poetry in Victorian Britain. New York: Carconet, 1987.

Scott, Diana. Bread and Roses: An Anthology of Nineteenth-and Twentieth-Century Poetry by Women Writers. London: Virago, 1982.


Buckley, Jerome, and Woods (1930, 1965)

Bowyer and Brooks (1938, 1954)

Bailey, J.O., and Brown (1942, 1962)

Houghton, Walter, and G.R. Stange (1959)

Auden, W.H. Minor Nineteenth-Century Poets (1966)


Harrold and Templeman (1938) venerable, long-lived grandparent of Victorian anthologies; contains introductory survey.

III. Victorian Intellectual History

Adam, James Eli. Dandies and Desert Saints: Styles of Victorian Masculinity.

Alford, Norman. The Rhymers' Club: Poets of the Tragic Generation. Basingstoke: Macmillan; NY: St. Martin's, 1994.

Altick, Richard. The English Common Reader: A Social History of the Mass Reading Public, 1800-1900. 1957.

Altick, Richard. Victorian People and Ideas: A Companion for the Modern Reader of Victorian Literature. 1973, paperback. For a brief bibliography of Victorian history, see his "Other Books to Read"; also note chronological list.

Altick, Richard. Writers, Readers, and Occasions: Selected Essays on Victorian Literature and Life. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1989. Includes an essay, ìThe Sociology of Authorship: The Social Origins, Education, and Occupations of 1,100 British Writers, 1800-1935" and several essays on the Victorian reading public. PR 463 .A48.

Amigoni, David. Victorian Biography: Intellectuals and the Ordering of Discourse. London: Harvester; NY: St. Martin's. 1993.

Anderson, Amanda. Tainted Souls and Painted Faces: The Rhetoric of Fallenness in Victorian Culture.

ApRoberts, Ruth. The Biblical Web. U of Michgan P, 1994.

Arac, Jonathan, and Harriet Ritvo, eds. Macropolitics of Nineteenth-Century Literature: Nationalism, Exoticism, Imperialism. U of Pennsylvania P, 1991.

Armstrong, Isobel, ed. Victorian Scrutinies: Reviews of Poetry 1830-1870 (1972). Reviewers' responses to major poets.

Auerbach, Emily. Maestros, Dilettantes, and Philistines: The Musicians in the Victorian Novel. NY: Lang, 1989. Includes Dickens, Eliot, and Thanckeray.

Auerbach, Nina. Women and the Demon: The Life of a Victorian Myth. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1982. PR878 .W6 A9.

------. Our Vampires, Ourselves. U of Chicago P, 1995.

Bailin, Miriam. The Sickroom in Victorian Fiction: The Art of Being Ill. Cambridge UP, 1994.

Barreca, Regina, ed. Sex and Death in Victorian Literature. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana UP, 1990.

Beer, Gillian. Open Fields: Science in Cultural Encounter. Oxford UP, 1996.

Beer, John. Romantic Influences: Contemporary, Victorian, Modern. Basingstoke: Macmillan; NY: St. Martin's, 1993.

Behdad, Ali. Belated Travelers: Orientalism in the Age of Colonial Dissolution. Cork UP; Duke UP, 1994.

Bell, Susan Groag and Marilyn Yalom, eds. Revealing Lives: Autobiography, Biography, and Gender. Albany: State U of New York P, 1990.

Berman, Jeffrey. Narcissism and the Novel. New York UP, 1990.

Birona, Daniel. Desire and Contradiction: Imperial Visions and Domestic Debates in Victorian Literature. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1990. Kipling, Haggard, and other writers on empire. PR468 .I49 B5.

Blank, G. Kim and Margot K. Louis, eds. Influence and Resistance in Nineteeth Century British Poetry. Basingstoke: Macmillan; NY: St. Martin's, 1993.

Boos, Florence S., ed. History and Community: Essays in Victorian Medievalism. NY: Garland, 1992.

Bowler, Peter J. The Invention of Progress: The Victorians and the Past. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1989.

Brantlinger, Patrick. Bread and Circuses: Theories of Mass Culture as Social Decay. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1983. Mass media, history, popular culture, classicism.

Brantlinger, Patrick. Rule of Darkness: British Literature and Imperialism, 1830-1914. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1988. PR469 .I52 B73.

Brown, Penny. The Captured World: The Child and Childhood in Nineteenth Century Women's Writing in England. London: Harvester: NY: St. Martin's, 1993.

Bullen, J. B. The Myth of the Renaissance in Nineteeth-Century Writing. NY: Oxford UP; Oxford: Clarendon, 1994.

Burgess, Moira, ed. The Other Voice: Scottish Women's Writing Since 1808. Edinburgh: Polyon, 1987.

Burton, Antoinette. Burdens of History: British Feminists, Indian Women, and Imperial Culture, 1865-1915. U of North Carolina P, 1994.

Butler, Lance St. John. Victorian Doubt: Literary and Cultural Discourses. London: Harvester; Savage, MD: Barnes, 1990.

Chadwick, Owen. The Spirit of the Oxford Movement: Tractarian Essays. Cambridge UP, 1990.

Christ, Carol T. and John O. Jordan, eds. Victorian Literature and the Victorian Visual Imagination. U of California P, 1995.

Clark, Kenneth. The Gothic Revival: An Essay in the History of Taste. (1928; 1950). Lucid.

Clarke, Norma. Ambitious Heights: Writing, Friendship, Love: The Jewsbury Sisters, Felicia Hemans, and Jane Welsh Carlyle. London: Routledge, 1990.

Corbett, Mary Jean. Representing Femininity: Middle Class Subjectivity in Victorian and Edwardian Women's Autobiographies. Oxford UP, 1992.

Court, Franklin. Institutionalizing English Literature: The Culture and Pollitics of Literary Study, 1750-1900. Stanford UP, 1992.

Craft, Christopher. Another Kind of Love: Male Homosexual Desire in English Discourses, 1850-1920. U of California P, 1994.

Dale, Peter Allan. In Pursuit of a Scientific Culture: Science, Art, and Society in the Victorian Age. U of Wisconsin P, 1989.

Danahay, Martin A. A Community of One: Masculine Autobiography and Autonomy in Nineteeth-Century Britain. Albany: State U of New York P, 1993.

David, Deirdre. Rule Britannia: Women, Empire, and Victorian Writing. Cornell UP, 1995.

Davis, R. W. and R. J. Helmstadter, eds. Religion and Irreligion in Victorian Society: Essays in Honor of R. K. Webb. Routledge, 1992.

Dellamora, Richard. Masculine Desire: The Sexual Politics of Victorian Aestheticism. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1990.

-----. Apocalyptic Overtones: Sexual Politics and the Sense of an Ending. Rutgers UP, 1994.

Demers, Patricia. Heaven upon Earth: The Form of Moral and Religious Children's Literature to 1850. Knoxville: U of Tennessee P, 1993.

Dentith, Simon. A Rhetoric of the Real: Studies in Post-Enlightenment Writing from 1790 to the Present. Hemel Hempstead: Harvester; NY: St. Martin's, 1990.

Don Vann, J. and Rosemary T. VanArsdel, eds. Victorian Periodical and Victorian Society. Toronto and Buffalo: U of Toronto P, 1994.

Dugaw, Dianne. Warrior Women and Popular Balladry, 1650-1850. Cambridge UP, 1989.

Eldridge, C. C. The Imperial Experience: From Carlyle to Forster. NY: St. Martin's, 1996.

Erickson, Lee. The Economy of Literary Form: English Literature and the Industrialization of Publishing, 1800-1850. Johns Hopkins UP, 1996.

Erskine-Hill, Howard, and Richard A. McCabe, eds. Presenting Poetry: Composition, Publication, Reception. Cambridge UP, 1995.

Ferguson, Moira. Subject to Others: British Women Writers and Colonial Slavery, 1670-1834. Routledge, 1992.

Ferguson, Moira. Colonialism and Gender Relations from Mary Wollstonecraft to Jamaica Kincaid: East Caribbean Connections. Columbia UP, 1993.

Flannery, Kathryn T. The Emperor's New Clothes: Literature, Literacy, and the Ideology of Style. U of Pittsburgh P, 1995.

Fletcher, Ian, ed. Decadence and the 1890's. New York: Holmes & Meyer, 1980. A collection of essays. Topics include Swinburne, the little magazines, and the concept of decadence. PR 469 .D4.

Flint, Kate. The Women Reader, 1837-1914. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993.

Foster, Shirley and Judy Simons. What Katy Read: Feminist Re-readings of "Classic" Stories for Girls. Basingstock: Macmillan; NY: St. Martin's, 1995.

Frawley, Maria H. A Wider Range: Travel Writing by Women in Victorian England. London: Associated UP: Rutherford, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson UP, 1994.

Fulweiler, Howard. "Here a Captive Heart Busted": Studies in the Sentimental Journey of Modern Literature. NY: Fordham UP, 1993. Includes Dickes, Hardy, Hopkins, and Tennyson.

Giddings, Robert, ed. Literature and Imperialism. NY: St. Martin's, 1991.

Gikandi, Simon. Maps of Englishness: Writing Identity in the Culture of Colonialism. Columbia UP, 1996.

Gilmartin, Sophie. Ancestry and Narrative in Nineteenth-Century British Literature: Blood Relations from Edgeworth to Hardy. Cambridge UP, 1998.

Goodwin, Sarah Webster and Elizabeth Bronfen, eds. Death and Representation. Johns Hopkins UP, 1993.

Greer, Germaine. Slip-Shod Sibyls: Recognition, Rejection, and the Woman Poet. London: Viking, 1995.

Gross, John. The Rise and Fall of the Man of Letters (1969). Carlyle and Arnold are the first "men of letters" discussed.

Hadley, Elaine. Melodramatic Tactics: Theatrical Dissent in the English Marketplace, 1800-1885. Stanford UP, 1995.

Hall, Donald E., ed. Muscular Christianity: Embodying the Victorian Age. Cambridge UP, 1994. Includes Dickens, Hughes, C. Kingsley, and pater.

Halladay, Jean R. Eight Late Victorian Poets Shaping the Artistic Sensibility of an Age: Alice Meynell, John Davidson, Francis Thompson, Mary Coleridge, Katherine Tynan, Arthur Symons, Ernest Dowson, Lionel Johnson. Lewiston, MY: Mellen, 1993.

Hamillton, Ian. Keepers of the Flame: Literary Estates and the Rise of Biography. London: Hutchinson, 1992.

Hamilton, Susan. Criminals, Idiots, Women and Minors: Nineteeth-Century Writings by Women on Women.

Harding, Ellen, ed. Re-framing the Pre-Raphaelites: Historical and Theoretical Essays. Aldershop, England: Scolar Press; Brookfield, VT: Ashgate Publishing Co., 1996.

Hardman, Michael. Six Victorian Thinkers in Context. Manchester UP, 1990. Includes Arnold, Carlyle, Mill, Newman, Ruskin, and Taylor.

Harrison, Anthony H. Victorian Poets and Romantic Poems: Intertextuality and Ideology. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia. 1990.

Harvie, Christopher T. The Centre of Things: Political Fiction in Britain from Disraeli to the Present. London: Hyman, 1991. Includes Disraeli, Eliot, and Trollope.

Heinzelman, Susan Sage and Zipporah Batshaw Wiseman, eds. Representing Women: Law, Literature, and Feminism. Duke UP, 1994.

Herbert, Christopher. Culture and Anomie: Ethnographic Imagination in the Nineteeth Century. U of Chicago P, 1991.

Homans, Margaret and Adrienne Munich. Remaking Queen Victoria. Cambridge UP, 1998.

Hughes, Linda K., and Michael Lund. The Victorian Serial. UP of Virginia, 1991.

Houghton, Walter. The Victorian Frame of Mind: 1830-1870. (1957). Discussion arranged by attitudes--"optimism", "anxiety", "dogmatism", "the commercial spirit", "the Worship of Force", "earnestness", "Hero-Worship", "Hypocrisy", etc.

Hurley, Kelly. The Gothic Body: Sexuality, Materialism, and Degeneration at the Fic de Siecle. Cambridge UP, 1998.

Jenkins, Anthony. The Making of Victorian Drama. Cambridge UP, 1991. Includes Jones, penero, Shaw, and Wild.

Jenkins, Ruth Y. Reclaiming Myths of Power: Women Writers and the Victorian Spritual Crisis. Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell UP; London: Associated UP, 1995.

Jordan, John O. and Robert L. Patten, eds. Literature in the Marketplace: Nineteenth-Century British Publishing and Reading Practices. Cambridge UP, 1995.

Kennedy, Judith, ed. Victorian Authors and Their Works: Revision Motivations and Modes. Athens: Ohio UP, 1991.

Kermode, Frank. The Uses of Error. Cambridge, MA: Havard UP; London: Collins, 1991.

Kiberd, Declan. Inventing Ireland: The Literature of the Modern Nation. Harvard UP, 1995.

Kincaid, James R. Child-Loving: The Erotic Child and Victorian Culture. Routledge, 1992.

Krueger, Christine L. The Reader's Repentance: Women Preachers, Women Writers, and Nineteenth-Century Social Discourse. U of Chicago P, 1992.

Lambourne, Lionel. The Aesthetic Movement. London: Phaidon, 1996.

Lane, Christopher. The Ruling Passion: British Colonial Allegory and the Paradox of Homosexual Desire. Duke UP, 1995.

Law, Jules David. The Rhetoric of Empiricism: Language and Perception from Locke to I. A. Richards. Cornell UP, 1993.

Le Quesne, A. L., et al. Victorian Thinkers: Carlyle, Ruskin, Arnold, Morris. Oxford UP, 1993.

Lecercle, Jean-Jacques. Philosophy of Nonsense: The Intuitions of Victorian Nonsense Literature. Routledge, 1994.

Ledger, Sally and Scott McCracken, eds. Cultural Politics at the Fin de Siecle.

Leighton, Angela. Victorian Women Poets: Writing Against the Heart. UP of Virginia; London: Harvester, 1992.

Leps, Marie-Christine. Apprehending the Criminal: The Production of Deviance in Nineteeth-Century Discourse. Duke UP, 1992.

Lerner, Laurence, ed., The Victorians (1978). Chapters on several aspects of the literature and its social background.

Lootens, Tricia. Lost Saints: Silence, Gender, and Victorian Literary Canonization. UP of Virginia. 1996.

Lucas, John. England and Englishness: Ideas of Nationhood in English Poetry, 1688-1900. U of Iowa P; London: Hogarth, 1990.

Machann, Clinton. The Genre of Autobiography in Victorian Literature. U of Michigan P, 1994.

Marcus, Stephen. The Other Victorians (1966). On pornography and some literary parallels.

McDonald, Robert H. The Language of Empire: Myths and Metaphors of Popular Imperialism, 1880-1918. Manchester UP, 1994.

McGann, Jerome J. ed. Victorian Connections. UP of Virginia, 1989.

McMurty, Jo. Victorian Life and Victorian Fiction: A Companion for the American Reader. Archon Books, 1979.

Mermin, Dorothy. Godiva's Ride: Women of Letters in England, 1830-1880. Indiana UP, 1993.

Michalson, Karen. Victorian Fantasy Literature: Literary Battles with Church and Empire. Lewston, NY: Mellen, 1990.

Michie, Elsie B. Outside the Pale: Cultural Exclusion, Gender Difference, and the Victorian Woman Writer.

Miller, J. Hillis. Victorian Subjects. Durham, NC: Duke UP; London: Harvester, 1990.

Millgate, Michael. Testamentary Acts: Browning, Tennyson, James, Hardy. Oxford UP, 1992.

Milligan, Barry. Pleasures and Pains: Opium and the Orient in Nineteenth-Century British Culture. UP of Virginia, 1995.

Mills, Sara. Discourses of Difference: An Analysis of Women's Travel Writing and Colonialism. Routledge, 1991.

Mitchell, Sally. The New Girl: Girls' Culture in England, 1880-1915. Columbia UP, 1995.

Morgan, Thais E., ed. Victorian Sages and Cultural Discourse: Renegotiating Gender and Power. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1990.

Morgan, Susan. Place matters: Gendered Geography in Victorian Women's Travel Books about Southeast Asia. Rutgers UP, 1996.

Morse, David. High Victorian Culture. Basingstoke: Macmillan; New York UP, 1993.

Moynahan, Julian. Anglo-Irish: The Literary Imagination in a Hyphenated Culture. Princeton UP, 1995.

Murphy, Paul Thomas. Toward a Working-Class Canon: Literary Criticism in British Working-Class Periodicals, 1816-1858. Ohio UP, 1994.

Neubauer, John. The Fin-de-Sciecle Culture of Adolescence. Yale UP, 1992.

Nord, Deborah Epstein. Walking the Victorian Streets: Women, Representation, and the City. Cornell UP, 1995.

Novy, Marianne, ed. Women's Re-Visions of Shakespeare: On the Responses of Dicknson, Woolf, Rich, H. D., George Eliot, and Others. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1990.

O'Leary, Philip. The Prose Literature of the Gaelic Revival, 1881-1921: Ideology and Innovation. University Park: Pennsylvania State UP, 1994.

Olender, Maurice. The Language of Paradise: Race, Religion, and Philology in the Nineteeth Century. Trans. Arthur Goldhamer. Harvard UP, 1992.

Parker, Christopher, ed. Gender Roles and Sexuality in Victorian Literature. Alershot: Scolar P, 1995.

Pratt, Mary Louise. Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation. Routledge, 1992.

Ragussis, Michael. Figures of Conversion: "The Jewish Question" and English National Identity. Duke UP, 1995.

Raven, James, Helen Small, and Naomi Tadmor, eds. The Practice and Representation of Reading in England. Cambridge UP, 1996.

Reed, John R. Victorian Will. Athens: Ohio University Press (University of Georgia Press?), 1989.

Reynolds, Kimberley and Nicola Humble. Victorian Heroines: Representations of Femininity in Nineteeth-Century Literature and Art. London: Harvester; Ner York UP, 1993.

Richards, Thomas. The Imperial Archive: Knowledge and the Fantasy of Empire. London: Verso, 1993.

Robbins, Ruth and Julian Wolfreys, eds. Victorian Identities: Social and Cultural Formations in Nineteenth-Century Literature. NY: St. Martin's, 1996.

Rosen, Michael. The Changing Fictions of Masculinity. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1993.

Ryals, Clyde de L. A World of Possibilities: Romantic Irony in Victorian Literature. Columbus: Ohio State UP, 1990.

Saunders, David. Authorship and Copyright. Routledge, 1992.

Scott, Patricia and Fletcher, Pauline, eds. Culture and Education in Victorian England. Lewisburg: Bucknell UP, 1990 and Cronbury, NJ: Associated UP, 1990.

Schor, Esther H. Bearing the Dead: The British Culture of Mourning from the Enlightenment to Victoria. Princeton UP, 1994.

Schwab, Ulrike. The Poetry of the Chartist Movement: A Literary and Historical Study. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1993.

Shires, Linda M., ed. Rewriting the Victorians: Theory, History, and the Politics of Gender. Routledge, 1992.

Showalter, Elaine, ed. Speaking of Gender. NY: Routledge, 1989. Includes Collins and Tennyson.

Simmons, Clare A. Reversing the Conquest: History and Myth in 19th Century British Literature. New Brunswick, NJ and London: Rutgers UP, 1990.

Simson, David. Subject to History: Ideology, Class, Gender. Cornell UP, 1991.

Slinn, E. Warwick. The Discourse of Self in Victorian Poetry. UP of Virginia, 1991.

Small, Ian. Conditions for Criticism: Authority, Knowledge, and Literature in the Late Nineteeth Century. Oxford UP, 1991.

Smith, Jonathan. Fact and Feeling: Baconian Science and the Nineteenth-Century Literary Imagination. U of Wisconsin P, 1994.

Spurr, David. The Rhetoric of Empire: Colonial Discourse in Journalism, Travel Writing, and Imperial Administration. Duke UP, 1993.

Stewart, Garrett. Reading Voices: Literature and the Phonotext. U of California P, 1990.

Stowell, Sheila. A Stage of Their Own: feminist Playwrights of the Suffrage Era. U of Michigan P; Manchester UP, 1992.

Sturrock, John. The Language of Autobiography: Studies in the First Person Singular. Cambridge UP, 1993. Inclues Darwin, Mill, and Newman.

Sulleri, Sara. The Rhetoric of English India. U of Chicago P, 1992.

Sussman, Hervert. Manhood and Masculine Poetics in Early Victorian Literature and Art.

Syngh, Jyotsna. Colonial Narratives/Cultural Dialogues: "Discovery" of India in the Language of Colonialism. Routledge, 1996.

Thuente, mary Helen. The Harp Re-Strung: The United Irishmen and the Rise of Irish Literary Nationalism. Syracuse UP, 1994.

Trotter, Elizabeth. Literary Women and Their Portrayal of Social History in the Nineteeth Century. Devon: Merlin, 1992.

Turner, Frank. The Greek Heritage in Victorian Britain. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1981.

Turner, Michael, ed. Victorian Parlor Poetry: An Annotated Anthology. NY: Dover, 1992.

Vance, Norman. Irish Literature: A Social History: Tradition, Identity, and Difference. Oxford: Blackwell, 1990.

Vernon, James. Politics and the People: A Study in English Political culture, c. 1815-1867. Cambridge UP, 1993.

Vrettos, Athena. Somatic Fictions: Imagining Illness in Victorian Culture. Stanford UP, 1995.

Walker, Marshall. Scottish Literature since 1707. London: Longman, 1996.

Walkowitz, Judith R. City of Dreadful Delight: Narratives of Sexual Danger in Late-Victorian London. U of Chicago P, 1992.

Warner, Eric, and Hughes, Graham, eds. Aesthetic Criticism 1840-1910. 2 vols. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

Weekes, Ann Owens. Unveiling Treasures: The Attic Guide to the Published Works of Irish Women Literary Writers: Drama, Fiction, Poetry. Dublin: Attic, 1993.

Wellek, Rene. A History of Modern Criticism, 1750-1950. Vols. 2 and 3. (1955+)

Wheeler, Michael. Heaven, Hell, and the Victorians. Cambridge UP, 1994.

Willey, Basil. Nineteenth Century Studies (1949), includes Carlyle, Arnold, and Eliot; More Nineteenth Century Studies (1956), includes Tennyson.

Wullschlager, Jackie. Inventing Wonderland: The Lives and Fantasies of Lewis Caroll, Edward Lear, J. M. Barrie, Kenneth Grahame, and A. A. Milne. London: Methuen, 1995.

Young, Robert C. Colonial Desire: Hybridity in Theory, Culture, and Race. Routledge, 1995.

IV. Victorian Literature -- Some Critical Works:

Alfred, Norman. The Rhymer's Club: Poets of the Tragic Generation. Sidney, British Columbia: Cormorant Press, 1980. Syms, L. Johnson, J. Davidson, Yeats, Dowson.

Altick, Richard. Writers, Readers, Occasions: Selected Essays on Victorian Literature and Life. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1989. PR 463 .A48.

Armstrong, Isobel. Language as Living Form in Nineteenth-Century Poetry. Totowa, N.J.: Barnes & Noble, 1982. PR 585 .L3 A7.

Armstrong, Isobel. The Role and Treatment of Emotion in Victorian Criticism of Poetry. VPN 10: 3-16.

Armstrong, Isobel. Victorian Scrutinies: Reviews of Poetry 1830-1870 (1972). PR 593 A78.

Bristow, Joseph, ed. The Victorian Poet: Poetics and Persona. UK: Croom Helm, 1987. Victorian poetic criticism. Discusses the "feminization of poetry."

Breen, Jennifer, ed. Victorian Women Poets, 1830-1900: An Anthology. London: Dent, 1994.

Buckley, Jerome. Victorian Poets and Prose Writers: A Guide to Research (1966). Minimal, outdated, inexpensive.

Buckley, Jerome. The Victorian Temper (1951). Also wrote The Triumph of Time (1966), highly praised but superficial.

Bush, Douglas. Mythology and the Romantic Tradition (1937; rev. 1963). An amazing catalogue of sources; briskly judgmental.

Caesar, Terry. "'I Quite Forgot What--Say a Daffodilly': Victorian Parody." ELH 51 (1984): 195-818. Examines 6 vols. of parody edited by Walter Hamilton 1884-1889.

Charlesworth, Barbara. The Decadent Consciousness in Victorian Literature (1965). Rossetti and after.

Chew, Samuel and Altick, Richard. The Nineteenth Century (1948; rev. 1967). The 19th-century volume of Baugh's history of English literature was used by thousands of students in preparing for comprehensive examinations. Bland, reliable, well-indexed.

Christ, Carol. The Feminine Subject in Victorian Poetry. ELH. 54 (1987): 385-401.

Christ, Carol. The Finer Optic: The Aesthetic of Particularity in Victorian Poetry. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1975. Browning, Tennyson, Rossetti, Hopkins. PR 595 .P33 L5.

Christ, Carol. Victorian and Modern Poetics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984. PS 324 .C56.

Cockshut, A.O.J. Truth to Life: The Art of Biography in the Nineteenth Century (1974). Includes Stanley's Arnold and Froude's Carlyle.

DeLaura, David. Hebrew and Helene in Victorian England (1969). Newman, Arnold, Pater.

Dellamora, Richard. Masculine Desire: The Sexual Politics of Victorian Aestheticism. Chapel Hill: U. of North Carolina Press, 1990. Pater, Victorian homoeroticism. PR468 .H65 D45.

Edmond, Rod. Affairs of the Hearth: Victorian Poetry and Domestic Narrative. London: Routledge, 1988. Studies poetic instances of the Victorian preoccupation with, and the institution and ideology of, the middle-class family. PR 599.N3 E35 1988.

Evans, B. Ifor. English Poetry in the Later Nineteenth Century (1933; rev. 1966). Excellent.

Faas, Ekbert. Retreat into the Mind: Victorian Poetry and the Rise of Psychiatry. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1988. Connects the rise of the dramatic monologue to Victorian discussions of mental health. PR595 .P85 F34.

Farrell, John. Revolution as Tragedy: The Dilemma of the Moderate from Scott to Arnold. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1980. PR 469 .P6 F3.

Fleishman, Avrom. "Notes for a History of Victorian Poetic Genres." Genre 18 (1985): 363-374. Collection of 21 paragraph-sized sections suggesting ideas and topics for exploration, suggesting neo-marxist, Foucauldian, and other approaches.

Fletcher, Pauline. Gardens and Grim Ravines: The Language of Landscape in Victorian Poetry. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983. Studies the language of landscapes in Tennyson, Rossetti, Swinburne, Hardy, Arnold, Browning, and Morris. PR 595 .L27 F56.

Gilbert, Sandra and Gubar, Susan. The Madwoman in the Attic: The Woman Writer and the Nineteenth-Century Literary Imagination. Yale, 1979.

Going, William T. Scanty Plot of Ground: Studies in the Victorian Sonnet (1976). Not great criticism, but useful for learning who wrote sonnets.

Griffiths, Eric. The Printed Voice of Victorian Poetry. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989. Tennyson, Browning, Hardy, Hopkins.

Hanhon, H.J. Bibliography of British History, 1815-1914 (1976). Ref. Z 2019 H35. Divided topically--section on "Intellectual and Cultural History" includes medicine, the fine arts, and so forth.

Hebsbaum, Phillip. Tradition and Experiment in English Poetry. Rowman and Littlefield, 1979. PR 502 .H55

Helming, Steven. The Esoteric Comedies of Carlyle, Newman, Yeats. NY: Cambridge UP, 1988. Sartor Resartus; Apologia pro Vita Sua; Vision. PR 468 .C65 H38.

Hickok, Kathleen. Representations of Women: Nineteenth-Century British Women's Poetry. Westport, CT.: Greenwood Press, 1984. PR 585 .W58 H52.

Holloway, John. The Proud Knowledge: Poetry, Insight and the Self, 1620-1920. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1977. Tennyson, Browning, and a final "sensational" essay on Hardy the poet. PR 502 .H58.

Holloway, John. The Victorian Sage (1953). Carlyle, Eliot, Arnold.

Honninghausen, Lothar. The Symbolist Tradition in English Literature: A Study of Pre-Raphaelitism and Fin de Siecle. NY: Cambridge UP, 1988, 1971. Includes 20 pps. of Bibliography. PR468 .S9 H66.

Hough, Graham. The Last Romantics (1949). Rossetti, Morris, Pugin, Ruskin, Pater, Yeats.

Howe, Elizabeth A. The Dramatic Monologue. NY: Twayne, 1996.

Hughes, Linda and Lund, Michael. The Victorian Serial. UP of Virginia, 1991.

Johnson, Wendell Stacy. Sex and Marriage in Victorian Poetry. Ithaca, NY: Cornell UP, 1975. PR 469 .S4J6.

Kenny, Anthony. God and Two Poets: Arthur Hugh Clough and Gerard Manly Hopkins. London: Sidgwick and Jackson, 1988. PR 4458 .K46.

Koestenbaum, Wayne. Double Talk: The Erotics of Male Literary Collaboration. NY: Routledge, 1989.

Landow, George. "Bruising the Serpent's Head: Typological Symbols in Victorian Poetry." VN 55: 11-14.

Landow, George. Images of Crisis: Literary Iconology, 1750 to the Present. William Falkner, Bulwer-Lytton, Swinburne, Hopkins, Tennyson.

Madden, Lionel. How to Find out about the Victorian Period: A Guide to Sources of information (1970). Ref. Z 2019 M434 1970. Simple. Arranged topically--periodicals, philosophy, music literature, and so forth. Can be obtained in paperback.

Madden, Lionel. The Nineteenth Century Periodical Press in Great Britain. A Bibliography of Modern Studies, 1901-1971. Z6956 G6M3 1976.

McGann, Jerome J. Social Values and Poetic Acts: The Historical Judgement of Literary Work. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1988. "Advocates a new function of literature and criticism at present time." (Tobias). Discusses authors from several periods, including Alexander Geddes.

McGann, Jerome J., ed. Victorian Connections. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1989. Collected essays on Tennyson, Arnold, highlighted in Daniel Albright's work on lyrics of Tennyson and Yeats. PR 468 .H57 V53.

McGhee, Richard D. Marriage, Duty and Desire in Victorian Poetry and Drama. Lawrence: Regents Press of Kansas, 1980. PR 469 .M35M3. Pairs Arnold/Clough; Rossetti/Meredith; Swinburne/Hopkins; E.B.B./Wilde in separate chapters.

McGowan, John P. Representation and Revelation: Victorian Realism from Carlyle to Yeats. Columbia: U. of Missouri P., 1986. PR 468 .R42 M34.

Mermin, Dorothy. The Audience in the Poem: Five Victorian Poets. New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 1983. Tennyson, Browning, Arnold, Clough, Meredith. Incorporated an audience within the structure of their poems in order to speak to their own Victorian audience. PR 599 .M6 M47.

Miller, J. Hillis. The Linguistic Moment: From Wordsworth to Stevens. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1985. PR508 .S65 M5.

Paulin, Tom. Minotaur: Poetry and the Nation State. Harvard UP, 1992.

Privateer, Paul Michael. Romantic Voices: Identity and Ideology in British Poetry, 1789-1850. Athens: U of Georgia P, 1991.

Reed, John. Victorian Conventions (1970). Organizes by types and themes--"Coincidence", "Deathbeds", "Swindles", "Marriage", "Madness", "The Orphan", "Disguise", "Memory", 'The Occult", etc.

Richardson, James. Vanishing Lives: Style and Self in Tennyson, D.G. Rossetti, Swinburne, and Yeats. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1988. Psychological interpretations of the nuances of poetic language in the words of these four poets. PR 595 .S44 R53.

Riede, David, G. Matthew Arnold and the Betrayal of Language. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1988. This study considers the "profound by flawed" nature of Arnold's poetry, and addresses Victorian views of language. PR 4024 .R5 1988.

Russell, Nick. Poets by Appointment: Britanís Laureates. Dorset: Blandford Press, 1981. PR 505 .R8.

Sacks, Peter M. The English Elegy: Studies in the Genre from Spenser to Yeats. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press., 1985. PR 509 .E4 SZ3. Includes a long chapter on "In Memoriam."

Saintsbury, George. A History of Nineteenth Century Literature 1780-1900 (1901). Conservative Victorian viewpoint. His History of English Prosody is also useful for our period.

Shaw, W. David. 'The Agnostic Imagination in Victorian Poetry." Criticism 22: 115-139, 1980.

Shaw, W. David. The Lucid Veil: Poetic Truth in the Victorian Age. London: Athlone Press, 1987. Linguistic and philosophical criticism. PR598 .A34 S53.

Showalter, Elaine. Sexual Anarchy: Gender and Culture at the Fin de Siecle. NY: Viking, 1990. PR 468 .F46 S56.

Simmons, Clare A. Reversing the Conquest: History and Myth in Nineteenth Century British Literature. New Brunswick: Rutgers UP, 1990. Includes historical poetry. PR468 .H57 S55.

Stein, Richard. Victoria's Year: English Literature and Culture, 1837-1838. NY: Oxford UP, 1987. Discusses Carlyle's French Revolution; Tennyson's Locksley Hall; Darwin's writing of "Beagle" journal; urbanization; railways; photography. PR461 .S78.

Stevenson, Lionel. Darwin Among the Poets (1932); The Pre-Raphaelites and Their Circle (1971), a useful, if derivative, survey.

Storey, Mark. Poetry and Humor from Cowper to Clough. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1979. PR 589 .C6 S84.

Taylor, Dennis. "Victorian Philology and Victorian Poetry." VN 53: 13-16.

Thesing, William B. The London Muse: Victorian Poetic Responses to the City. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1982. "Useful more for capable analysis of specific texts than for overall critical method." (Lawrence Poston) PR 595 .L64T4.

Thorton, Robert. The Decadent Dilemma. London: E. Arnold, 1983. PR 468 .D43 T48.

Turner, Paul. English Literature 1832-1890: Excluding the Novel. NY: Oxford UP, 1989. Oxford History of English Literature, vol. 7, pt. 1. PR83.O9

Vicinus, Martha. The Industrial Muse: A Study of British Working Class Literature. London: Croom Helm, 1974. Z 1029.3 V5.

Vicinus, Martha. "The Study of Nineteenth Century British Working Class Poetry." College English 32: 548-562, 1971.

Walker, Marshall. Scottish Literature since 1707. London: Longman, 1996.

Ward, John Powell. The English Line: Poetry of the Unpoetic from Wordsworth to Larkin. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1991.

Woodring, Carl. Nature into Art. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1989. PR 468 .A76 W6.

Ball, Patricia. The Central Self: A Study in Romantic and Victorian Imagination (1968).

Gross, Harvey. Sound and Form in Modern Poetry. Ann Arbor paperback, 1964. Good examples from Browning and Hopkins.

Langbaum, Robert. The Poetry of Experience. 1957.

Lerner, Laurence. See under Victorian Intellectual History.

Miles, Josephine. Eras and Modes in English Poetry. 1957.

Miyoshi, Misao. The Divided Self. 1969.

Peckham, Morse. Victorian Revolutionaries. 1970.

Stein, Richard. The Ritual of Interpretation: The Fine Arts as Literature in Ruskin, Rossetti, and Pater. 1975.

Welby, T. Earle. The Victorian Romantics. 1929.