Publications on Nineteenth-Century Working Class Literature

Florence S. Boos

Memoirs of Victorian Working-Class Women: The Hard Way Up. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.

Working-Class Women Poets of the Victorian Period: An Anthology. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview Press, 2008.

“Working-Class and People's Literature of the 1850’s: Labor, Gender, and Resistance.” Cambridge Companion to the 1850s, ed. Gail Marshall.  Forthcoming, 2024.

"An Alternate Poetics: Working-Class Women Poets and a 'People's Tradition'." Victorian Review, 48, Winter 2023, 162-66.

"The Poems of Elizabeth Campbell: Maternal Loss and the Crimean War," The Bottle Imp, ed. John Corbett, spring 2023. Online:

“Elizabeth [née Duncan] Campbell, (1804-1878), Poet and Autobiographer,” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 14 April 2022.

“Jessie [née Laing]  Russell, (1850-1923), Poet” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 14 April 2022.

“Ruth Wills, (1846-1908), Poet and Factory Worker,” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 14 April 2022.

“Frances Forrester [Fanny], (1851-1889) Poet and Mill Worker,” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 14 April 2022.

“Marginalien am Seitenrand—Lebenserzahlung viktorianische Arbeiterinnen,” German translation of “At the Margins of Print: Life Narratives of Victorian Working-Class Women,” Arbeit-Bewegung-Geschichte, Heft 2020/11, 19. Jahrgang.

“Teaching the Poetry of Victorian Working-Class Women Poets," Teaching Labouring-Class British Literature of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century, edited Kevin Binfield and William Christmas, Modern Language Association, 2018, 382-91, 311-312.

"At the Margins of Print: Life-Narratives of Victorian Working-Class Women," Cambridge Companion to Labouring-Class Literature, eds. John Goodridge and Bridget Keegan, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017, 248-63. Reviewed in Times Literary Supplement, 18 and 25 August, 2017.

"Collaboration and the Victorian Oral Narrative: The Autobiography of a Charwoman," Forum for Modern Language Studies 51.4 (2016): 1-14.

"Working-Class Poetry." The Blackwell Companion to Victorian Literature, eds. Dino Felluga, Linda K. Hughes and Pamela Gilbert. London: Blackwell's, 2015.

Introduction and ed., special issue of Philological Quarterly, "Working-Class Writing in Victorian Britain," 91.3 (2013; actual appearance 2014), 131-45.

"Under Physical Siege: Early Victorian Working-Class Women's Autobiographies." Special issue of Philological Quarterly, "Working-Class Writing in Victorian Britain," 91.3 (2013; actual appearance 2014), 251-69.

"The Education Act of 1870: Before and After," BRANCH (Britain: Representation and Nineteenth-Century History), ed. Dino Felluga, spring 2015.

“Women and Education: Women and the Education Acts,” Berg Cultural History of Women in the Age of Empire, edited by Teresa Mangum, Oxford: Berg Publishers, 2013.

 "Janet Hamilton as Cultural Critic," Edinburgh Companion to Scottish Women's Writing, ed. Glenda Norquay, Edinburgh UP, 2012.

 “Not So Lowly Bards: Victorian Working-Class Women Poets and Middle-Class Expectations,” special issue “Retrieval and Beyond: Labouring-Class Studies” edited by John Goodridge, Key Words: A Journal of Cultural Materialism 8 (2010), 21-37.

“’A Plea for the Doric’ by Janet Hamilton,” Victoria Review, special feature on “key texts,” 35.1 (2009): 41-45.

"Class and the 'Spasmodics': W. E. Aytoun, George Gilfillan and Alexander Smith,"  special issue on the Spasmodics, eds. Jason Rudy and Charles La Porte, Victorian Poetry 42.4 (2005): 553-83.
pdf, "Class and the 'Spasmodics"

“'In my mind's eye it will remain the same': Poor women's Autobiographies in the Nineteenth Century Scotland,” in Erfaring og Forstaelse (Experience and Understanding), ed. Oystein Hide, National Department of Higher Education, Oslo, Norway, 2005, 233-57.

“Class and Victorian Poetics,” Blackwell’s Literary Compass, Winter 2005.

 “Queen of the Far-Famed Penny Post: Ellen Johnston, ‘The Factory Girl’ and Her Audience,” Women's Writing, special issue on Scottish authors, ed. Dorothy McMillan, 10:3 (2003): 503-26.

“Janet Hamilton.” Dictionary of National Biography, ed. Colin Matthews, Oxford University Press, 2004.

“Working-Class Poetry,” Companion to Victorian Literature, eds. Alison Chapman, Richard Cronin and Anthony Harrison. Oxford: Blackwell’s, 2002, 204-28.

“Nurs’d Up Amongst the Scenes I Have Describ’d’: Poetry of Working-Class Victorian Women.” The Functions of Victorian Culture at the Present Time, ed. Christine Krueger, Ohio University Press, 2002, 137-156.

“Poetics of the Working-Classes,” ed. and intro. special issue, Victorian Poetry, 39.2 (2001), 103-109.
also pdf

“The ‘Homely Muse’ in her Diurnal Setting: “Marie,” Janet Hamilton, and Fanny Forrester in the Periodical Press,” Victorian Poetry 39.2 (2001), 255-85.
Pdf. version

“Ellen Johnston.” Nineteenth Century Women Writers, ed. Abigail Bloom. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 2000, 231-234.

“'We Would Know Again the Fields. . . ': The Rural Poetry of Elizabeth Campbell, Jane Stevenson, and Mary Macpherson.” Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature 17.2 (Fall 1998), 325-347.

“Janet Hamilton.” Victorian Women Poets, ed. William Thesing. Dictionary of Literary Biography. Columbia, S. C.: Bruccoli, Clark, Layman, 1998, 149-58.

 “'Oor Location’: Victorian Women Poets and the Transition from Rural to Urban Scottish Culture.” Victorian Urban Landscapes, edited by Debra Mancoff and Dale Trela. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1996, 133-56.

“Cauld Engle-Cheek: Working Class Women Poets in Victorian Scotland,” special issue on women poets, edited by Linda Hughes, Victorian Poetry, 33 (1995): 51-71.

Review: Rev. Michael Sanders, The Poetry of Chartism: Aesthetics, Politics, History. Cambridge UP, 2009. Romanticism and Victorianism on the Net, nos. 57-58, February-May 2010.

Essays of Related Interest:

Checklist of Mary Smith Letters, Essays, and Poems in the Carlisle Examiner 1865-73 and the Carlisle Journal 1874-85

Marx and Engels Before the Collaboration